Later Life

The Pensions Bill: What key measures were left out?

Former pensions minister Steve Webb believes key measures have been left out due to splits in Government.

Rozi Jones
|
15th October 2019
Houses house of parliament commons government govt gov
"It is one of the biggest failings of UK pension policy that the Department with lead responsibility for pensions can be thwarted in bringing forward sensible reforms"

Yesterday's Queen's Speech confirmed the Government’s intention to bring forward a Pensions Schemes Bill in the new session of parliament.

Measures in the proposed Pensions Bill include legislation to advance the pensions dashboard, more powers for the Pensions Regulator which will help strengthen the protection of employees guaranteed pensions, and provisions for Collective Defined Contribution pension schemes.

However Steve Webb, director of policy at Royal London and former pensions minister, says "key measures have been left out because of splits in Government".

He says DWP planned to advance policy in two important areas but their absence from the Pensions Bill shows that "the Department has been blocked by the Treasury".

The first is the expansion of automatic enrolment, where DWP undertook a year-long review which concluded nearly two years ago. This recommended that automatic enrolment should start at age 18, rather than 22, and that mandatory contributions should apply to all earnings (rather than only applying to earnings above a ‘qualifying earnings’ floor). Steve Webb believes "Treasury opposition to the resultant rise in the cost of pension tax relief means that they are on hold".

The second key area is regulation of so-called ‘DB superfunds’ which would allow the consolidation of smaller final salary type pension schemes into larger vehicles. DWP has consulted on regulation but Webb says the Treasury is "concerned that these schemes might compete unfairly with insurers who sell bulk annuities to pension funds". With no new statutory framework, the Pensions Regulator is expected to improvise a regulatory regime within its existing powers.

Commenting, Steve Webb said: "This Bill is notable more for the things that have been left out than for what it contains. The absence of vital measures on automatic enrolment and on regulating new ‘superfunds’ is a sign of a battle inside government where the Treasury once again has defeated the DWP. As a result, the vital expansion of automatic enrolment is now on hold, and the regulation of pension superfunds has been left in regulatory limbo.

"It is one of the biggest failings of UK pension policy that the Department with lead responsibility for pensions can be thwarted in bringing forward sensible reforms by an over-mighty Treasury which has no vision for pensions."

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